Note on Sources, Attribution, and Accuracy
In compiling information and doing research for this column, I am somewhat compulsive. Being aware that there is very little that is new in this world, I believe that the essence of creativity lies in creating fresh juxtapositions of ideas and finding new ways of thinking about things. In trying to accomplish this, I rely on numerous sources for inspiration, historical and sociocultural information, interpretation, and context. I make a good faith attempt to "fact check" my writing and rely on close Filipino friends and family to review material for accuracy, cultural appropriateness, and linguistic usages. As mentioned elsewhere, please let me know if you spot any inaccuracies, misuages, or unfounded or downright wrong conclusions or speculation.
In addition to personal contacts, internet correspondence and research, careful observation wherever I go around Manila, inquisitiveness, and speculation, a partial list of sources follows. I have not included various travel guidebooks, Tagalog texts, or tourist/entertainment sources. I will update this list from time to time as useful new sources come to my attention.
Magazines & Periodicals
The Local Media
Other Specific Published Sources
Aguilar, F.V., Jr. (1998). Clash of Spirits: The History of Power and Sugar Planter Hegemony on a Visayan Island. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Anderson, Benedict (1995). "Cacique Democracy in the Philippines: Origins and Dreams." In Discrepant Histories: Translocal Essays on Filipino Cultures. Manila: Anvil Publishing, Inc. (Originally published in New Left Review, no. 169, May/June, 1988).
Andres, Tomas Q.D. Quality Management by Filipino Values. Quezon City.
Andres, Tomas Q.D. (1988). Managing People by Filipino Values. Quezon City: Publishers Press.
Aquino, Belinda (1998). "Filipino Elections and 'Illiberal' Democracy." In Public Policy, July-September, 1998, Volume II, No. 3.
Asian Development Bank (1997). Emerging Asia: Changes and Challenges. Manila: ADB.
Asian Development Bank (1997). Women in the Philippines (Jeanne Frances I. Illo, Consultant). Manila: ADB.
Bhawuk, D.P.S. & Harry C. Triandis (1996). "The Role of Culture Theory in the Study of Culture and Intercultural Training," In Handbook of Intercultural Training (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
Brown, Louise (2000). Sex Slaves: The Trafficking of Women in Asia. London: Virago Press.
Bullough, V. & B. Buffalo (1987). Women and Prostitution: A Social History. Prometheus Books.
Charlton, Sue Ellen M. (1984). Women in Third World Development. Boulder & London: Westview Press.
Choisy, Maryse (1961). Psychoanalysis of the Prostitute. New York: Philosophical Library.
Coronel, Sheila (Ed.) (1996). Patrimony: Six Case Studies on Local Politics and the Environment in the Philippines. Manila: Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism.
Coronel, Sheila (Ed.) (1998). Pork and Other Perks: Corruption and Governance in the Philippines. Manila: Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, Evelio B. Javier Foundation, & the Institute for Popular Democracy.
Corpuz, Onofre (1989). The Roots of the Filipino Nation. Quezon City: Aklahi Foundation.
Endo, Russell, Stanley Sue, & Nathaniel N. Wagner (1980). Asian-Americans: Social and Psychological Perspectives, Volume II. New York: Science & Behavior Books, Inc.
Escoto, Salvador P. (1999). "Expulsion of the Chinese and Readmission to the Philippines: 1764-1779" Philippine Studies, Vol. 47, First Quarter 1999.
Fifield, Russell H. (1963). Southeast Asia in United States Foreign Policy. New York: Praeger.
Fisher, Len (1988). Mindsets: The Role of Culture and Perception in International Relations. Yarmouth, Maine: Intercultural Press, Inc.
Florentino-Hofileņa, Chay (1998). News for Sale: The Corruption of the Philippine Media. Manila: Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism and the Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility.
Freeman, Fran, et. Al (2000). The Impact of Agricultural Trade Liberalization on Developing Countries. Canberra, Australia: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
Furnham, Adrian & Stephen Bochner (1986). Culture Shock: Psychological Reactions to Unfamiliar Environments. London & New York: Routledge.
Fuwa, Nobuhiko (1999). "The Filipino 'Entertainers' in Japan. Philippine Studies, Vol, 47, Third Quarter, 1999.
Gutierrez, Eric (1994). Ties That Bind: A Guide to Family, Business, and Other Interests in the Ninth House of Representatives. Manila: Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism and the Institute for Popular Democracy.
Hermoso, Reuel R. (Ed.) (1997). An Introduction to Economics and Economic Development Issues in the Philippines. Manila: Ateneo Center for Social Policy and Public Affairs and the Philippines-Canada Human Resource Development Program.
Hutchcroft, Paul D. (1998). Booty Capitalism: The Politics of Banking in the Philippines. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Ileto, Reynaldo C. (1998). Filipinos and Their Revolution: Event, Discourse, and Historiography. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Karnow, Stanley (1989). In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines. New York: Ballantine Books.
Kwiatkowski, Lynn M. (1999). Struggling With Development: The Politics of Hunger and Gender in the Philippines. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Man, W.K. Che (1990). Muslim Separatism: The Moros of Southern Philippines and the Malays of Southern Thailand. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Martin, Aurora Almeda (1999). "Philippine Land Reform: Perpetuating U.S. Colonial Policy". Philippine Studies, Volume 47, Second Quarter, 1999.
McCoy, Alfred W. "The Restoration of Planter Power in La Carlota City." In Kerkvliet, B.J., & Mojares, R.B. (Eds.), From Marcos to Aquino: Local Perspectives on Political Transition in the Philippines. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press and Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
McCoy, Alfred W., with Cathleen B. Read and Leonard P.Adams II (1972, 1991). The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia: CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade. New York: Lawrence Hill Books.
McCoy, Alfred, & De Jesus, C. (Eds.). (1982). Philippine Social History: Global Trade and Local Transformations. Quezon City.
Muhi, Estrellita, Isabel S. Panopio, & Lucila L. Salceo (1993). Dynamics of Development: The Philippine Perspective. Manila: National Book Store, Inc.
Network of Sex Work Projects (1997). Making Sex Work Safe. London: AHRTAG, World Health Organization, Global Programme on AIDS.
Pertierra, Raul (1995). Philippine Localities and Global Perspectives: Essays on Society and Culture. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism and the Ateneo Center for Social Policy and Public Affairs (1992). 1992 & Beyond: Forces and Issues in Philippine Elections.
Rafael, Vicente L. (Ed.) (1995). Discrepant Histories: Translocal Essays on Filipino Culture. Manila: Anvil Publishers.
Revere, Lawrence (1994). Playing Blackjack as a Business. Seacaucus, New Jersey: Carol Publishing Group.
Roxas, Dr. Sixto K. (2000). Jueteng Gate: The Parable of a Nation in Crisis. Manila: Bancom Foundation.
Silliman, G. Sidney & Lela Garner Noble (Eds.) (1998). Organizing for Democracy: NGOs, Civil Society, and the Philippine State. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Sobrevega, Lourdesita S. & Rosena D. Sanchez (1996). Speaking Out: Hospitality Women in Davao City. Davao City, Philippines: Talikala, Inc.
Soriano, Emanuel V., & Nehrt, Lee C. (1989). Business Policy in an Asian Context (3rd edition). Manila: Sinag-Tala Publishers, Inc.
Thompson, Dr. Hunter S. (1981). Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream.
United States Department of State (2000). The Language of Trade. US State Department: Office of International Information Programs.
Val, E.P. (1983). Marketing Management in the Philippine Setting. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Vos, Rob., & Yap, Josef T. (1996). The Philippine Economy: East Asia's Stray Cat? New York: St. Martin's Press.
Wallerstein, Immanuel (1974). The Modern World-System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. New York & London: Academic Press.
World Bank (1996). A Strategy to Fight Poverty: Philippines. World Bank, Country Operations Division, East Asia & Pacific Region.